Em Nome de Deus, O Misericordioso, O Misericordiador
Eid Al Fitir "celebration of the end of fasting"
Eid al-Fitr literally means 'celebration of the end of the fasting', and it happens on the first day of the Shawwal, tenth month of the Islamic calendar. It is one of the most important festivals of Islam, Held after a month of abstention from all kinds of vices and filled with good deeds: the holy month of Ramadan. It was first celebrated in 624 by the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.a.w.).
The ceremony begins in the morning with a prayer held in the mosque, which can also happen in other places if the space is insufficient. At the begining, they recite the Takbir, a prayer that praises the greatness of God. After the prayer, the faithful listen to the sermon of the Sheikh (khutba), and a special prayer that asks forgiveness and helps all the Muslims of the world.
In Islamic-majority countries, the party can last up to three days. In some places it is a tradition that, after the prayer period, people visit and exchange gifts and the family lunches at the home of the elder relative. The essence of the holiday is that every Muslim congregate with his family and community, exercising generosity and forgiveness.
In conjunction with organizations and companies from all over the planet, FAMBRAS assists annually various entities in this period, whether through food or financial aid.
Eid al Adha " Sacrifice Feast "
Eid al Adha, that means " Sacrifice Feast ", represents the sacrifice of Abraham and his son Ishmael. Happens after the pilgrimage of Hajj, and 70 days after the Eid al Fitr, the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah month (last of the Islamic calendar).
The Quran says that Abraham received in the dream a message from God that, in the name of his faith, he would sacrifice Ishmael, his only son. Ishmael, as his father was an exemplary subordinate of the Almighty, He asked his father to do as he was told. However, when Abraham was ready to do it so, the knife did not scratch the young man's neck. At this moment, God sent them the Archangel Gabriel, to tell them that this was a test, and that Ishmael would be spared. Abraham should, however, sacrifice a lamb in the name of God.
As a reminder of Abraham's unconditional submission to God, Eid al Adha comes to remind believers of the correct path of religion, to reflect whether they are following the conduct of Islam or being careless with their faith. On this occasion, every family that has conditions must sacrifice a lamb (or more), and share the meat with their family, neighbors and the poor people.
To this date, the Muslim wears his best clothes. Before the prayer and the celebration, it is advisable that the person goes in fast, and preferably breaking the fast consuming the meat of the sacrificial animal. After the prayer, all the people greet each other by saying 'Eid mubarak' (a blessed Eid) 'Kul' am wa antum bi khair '(That in every year you continue well) or' Takabal Allah minna wa minkom '(May God accept ours and your good deeds).
In this period of unity, the welcome also extends to the needy Brazilian communities and to thousands of refugees recently arrived in Brazil, who need basic food resources. These brothers, in situation of social and economic vulnerability, participate in sharing the meat throughout the holy month in mosques.
The Federation of Muslim Associations of Brazil, together with organizations and companies from all over the world, develops projects to help those most in need. Among them, one is specifically aimed at Ramadan: the donation of a large number of lambs, which make it possible to hold dinners in the entity.