Em Nome de Deus, O Misericordioso, O Misericordiador
Pillars of Islam
Every structure, spiritual or physical, is built on a foundation that sustains it. Islam is built on five fundamental pillars which are:
1) The Testimony of Faith (Shahada)
It consists in professing by tongue, checking in the heart and confirming by the members that ' I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and I testify that Muhammad is The Messenger of Allah'.
2) The Prayer (al-Salah)
The prayer is practiced five times a day, at dawn, at noon, in the middle of the afternoon, at dusk and at night. God shows the means by which every human being can communicate with Him. God is the source of the spirit's nourishment. Therefore, those who resort to a form other than this, shall be accountable for that.
3) The Donation (al-Zakah)
It is an act of the goods purification (consumables), the transitional failures and the soul. With Zakah, one purifies the taxpayer's intimacy, the harm or influence to selfishness, greed, etc. It is obligatory for every Muslim, male and female, who has goods (consumables) or monetary values. It is necessary to take a part stipulated in the Islamic terms.
4) The Fast (al-Saum)
It is obligatory for every healthy Muslim to fast in the holy month of Ramadan (ninth month of the lunar calendar), refraining from eating, drinking, having conjugal relations and everything involving a fight or constitutes a moral offense to the next, From the dawn to the breaking of the sun, throughout the month. Fasting is a method of personal purification, which gives the faster a conduct of patience, respect and comprehension. To refrain from worldly comforts, even for a short period, who doese fast renew his true faith.
5) The pilgrimage (al-Hajj)
In the pilgrimage pilgrims wear simple clothes, which eliminate class distinctions and culture; So everyone is equal in front of God. The annual pilgrimage to Mecca, it is an obligation only for those are physically and financially capable of undertaking it.