Em Nome de Deus, O Misericordioso, O Misericordiador
The Prophet Muhammad
Mecca (Makkah) was already sacred when Muhammad (s.a.a.w.) was born in AD 570. The city received pilgrims from the entire quadrant of the Arabian Peninsula, due to the Kaabah - cube (shrine rebuilt by Abram and Ishmael, his firstborn).
Muhammad (s.a.a.w.) was born three months after the death of his father, Abdullah. And he lived until his two years without the mother's support, Amina, because during that time he was in Medina with his mother of milk, Halima – At that time it was very common for children to live up to a certain age with their mothers. After completing two years of life, Muhammad (s.a.a.w.) returns to live with his mother and remains until the age of 6.
When the prophet was still a child, a system called 'Quraysh' - defined as a 'mega tribe', was established around the city of Mecca. This system centralized all the commercial means and incomes of pilgrims of the Kaabah for themselves and implanted a system of 'credit', where the person who took the credit and would have to pay interest of 100%.
He spent part of his adolescence grazing sheep in exchange for an honest income. As a teenager, he once accompanied the caravan of his uncle, Abdul Mut-talib, to Syria, where he met a Christian monk, named Bahira, who approached the boy, due to some signs he had observed, as a priest.
Upon checking one of the boy's shoulders, he noticed a seal, written 'Muhammadun Rassulul-lah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.' Right after, the monk sought the boy's tutor and warned him to take care of him away from the polytheists of Mecca; Because if they found out they would kill him immediately. At the age of 20, Muhammad (s.a.a.w.) allied himself with a pacifist movement, 'Hilf al Fudhul - Alliance for Peace,' which aimed to protect the weak when they were in danger.
He followed a simple pattern of social life. He won the title of 'Al Amin - The Trusted Keeper' and 'al Sadiq - The Truthful, And was adopted as impartial arbitrator. People used to deposit their asset with him. At the age of 25, his reputation drew a proposal from Khadija, a 40-year-old merchant and widow woman who asked him to marry her.
Fifteen years younger, he had his first marriage, and had all his children with her. Just before his 40th birthday, Muhammad (s.a.a.w.) created the habit of spending days in retreats in a cave called 'Hira', In Mecca, where he meditated. After a while, he began to see events in the dreams that at dawn he saw become a reality just like in the dream of the night before. In the month of Ramadan in the year 610 AD, while meditating in that cave, appeared to him the Archangel Gabriel who ordered him to recite.
Once illiterate, Muhammad replied that he could not read. After three times at the insistence of the archangel, having received the same answer, the fourth time the archangel recited “Recite in the name of your Lord who created! Created man from a clinging substance!Recite, and your Lord is the most Generous! Who taught by the pen! Taught man that which he knew not! ” Thus began the revelation of the Quran to the prophet.
Without knowing what was happening, Muhammad (s.a.a.w.) ran off, full of fear and fever. Arriving home, he asked his wife to cover him because of the heavy cold. After recovering, he told his wife, that, after reassuring him, accompanied him to a cousin of her own - a Christian expert named 'Uaraqa Ibn Naufal' - in order to explain what this event looked like.
According to his knowledge of the teachings of the Torah and the Gospel, Uaraqa said that Muhammad (s.a.a.w.) had seen the same Spirit that had been sent to Moses and Jesus and that Muhammad (s.a.a.w.) would be expelled from his own city by his people; to which he replied, 'Will they go so far as to drive me out of the city? '. Uaraqa replied that yes; there was no prophet who was not expelled from his city by his own people. From then on, Muhammad (s.a.a.w.) continually received the visit of the Archangel Gabriel; And under the circumstances, the Quran was being revealed.